托福独立写作难点话题思路解读和高分范文赏析：highways or public transportation
Big city or countryside, which is better for children to grow up in?
It is better for children to grow up in the countryside than in a big city. Do you agree or disagree? Use specific reasons and examples to develop your essay.
看到这道题目不要随便站队，否则就会中陷阱。这道题目的陷阱在于给出的观点无论单选哪一边都是比较片面的，而且也不符合常理。大家需要明确一个观点也就是地点并不是影响孩子成长的唯一因素，也不是众多因素中最重要的因素。之后大家可以再具体展开，罗列一些生活在城市和乡村各自的优缺点。比如还有一个比较特别的写法思路是用一系列“不一定”的事实来反驳题目中观点，比如：在乡村长大的孩子不一定比在城市长大的孩子淳朴(honest; simple; simple sentiments);在乡村长大的孩子不一定比在城市长大的孩子健康(healthy)。另外大家也可以从儿童不同的阶段有不同的选择来写，比如学龄前儿童或是小学生在哪里都无所谓，但到了初中高中以后就可能在大城市更好一点，因为教育资源可能会更好。
Having grown up in the country myself, I can say without a doubt that I want my own children to grow up in the city. Life in the city is incomparably better for children than life in the country. The city has better schools, health care, jobs, and more exposure to the outside world. The two most important things in any child’s life are health and education. In the country, if children get sick, there are no good hospitals to take them to. Families are often so poor that they can’t afford to send all of their children to school, and the schools are usually of low quality anyway. In the cities, on the other hand, health care facilities and schools are of excellent quality.
Children from cities also have a much higher chance of getting into excellent universities. City universities have large numbers of spaces reserved for local residents while they have relatively fewer spaces for students from the countryside. If I want my child to have a good chance of getting into a good university, I would raise them in a city.
City salaries are significantly higher than salaries in the country. Jobs in the city are also much easier, on average, than jobs in the country. A worker in the country might spend 14 hours a day laboring outdoors in the fields and make much less money per month than the city worker who typically works only eight hours a day. I want my child to grow up and get a good, high-paying job. A better place to find those jobs is in a city.
Finally, I want my children to grow up into a world that is larger than just their immediate surroundings. In a city they will have a chance to meet people from all over the country and all over the world. They will have chances to absorb history and culture from the cities parks, theatres, and museums. Only in the city will they have the chance to be truly global citizens.