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7分雅思作文中常见的连接词、易混词

10个雅思写作常用的开头

雅思写作中,开头的分量不是很重,但是却是最重要的吸引考官注意力的地方,即是所谓的先声夺人的地方。

  连接词:

  表层次

  first, firstly, to begin with, further in the first place, second, secondly, to start with, still, furthermore, third, thirdly what’s more, last but not the least, also, and, then, next, besides, moreover, besides, in addition, finally

  表转折

  by contrast, although, though, yet, at the same time, but, despite the fact that, even so, in contrast, nevertheless, even though, on the other hand, otherwise, instead, still, regardless

  表因果

  therefore, consequently, because of, for this reason, thus, hence, due to, owing to, so, accordingly, thanks to, on this account, since, as, on that account, in this way, for, as a result, as a consequence

  表让步

  still, nevertheless, concession, spite of, despite, even so, after all

  表递进

  furthermore, moreover, likewise, what is more, besides, also, not only…but also…,

  too, in addition

  表举例

  for example, for instance, for one thing that is to illustrate

  表解释

  as a matter of fact, frankly speaking, in this case, namely, in other words

  表总结

  in summary, in a word, thus, as has been said, in brief, in conclusion, altogether in other words, to conclude, in fact, finally, in simpler terms, indeed, in short, in particular, summarize

  表强调

  of course, indeed, surely, as a matter of fact, above all, most important, in particular, that is to say, certainly, in fact, anyway in this case, naturally, obviously, no doubt, actually, clearly

  表比较

  in comparison, likewise, however, like, similarly, unlike

  表时间

  after a while, afterward, next, now, again, and then, presently, second, as long as, at last, shortly, simultaneously, at length, at that time, since, so far, before, earlier, soon, still, eventually, finally, subsequently, then, formerly, further, thereafter, until, in the first place, in the past, until now, when, last, meanwhile, lately

  易混词汇:

  1.原始中文:仅仅只是,不过是…罢了

  对应英文:Just/only/merely/simply/nothing more than

  用法解释:后接名词或名词词组

  例句解析:Internet dating is nothing more than a waste of time. 网恋纯粹是在浪费时间。

  温馨提示:just这个词,尽量不要出现在Task 2或者G类的formal letter中。但是Informal letter和口语的部分,都是可以用的。

  2.原始中文:有利于,有助于, 有益于,对…有好处,对于…来说必不可少/不可或缺/极为关键, 能够可以

  对应英文:Benefit (V.)/be beneficial for/bring benefits to, be of great importance to, play an important role in

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  例句解析:网恋有助于培养我们对于被骗的抗打击力。Internet dating is of great importance to the improvement of our resilience for being cheated.

  温馨提示:这些词组都是可以互相替换的,相应的句型也会有所变化。有时候,只要把benefit这个词的词性一换,换成beneficial,句型也就有所变化,考官读起来也就不那么单调,词汇和语法的多样性就得以体现。

  3.原始中文:(让…变得更好)提高,改善,加强,促进,增强,巩固,夯实,改良,改进,开发,增进,推动,带动,拉动,提升,强化,完善,锻炼,锤炼,磨练,培养,发展

  对应英文:Improve,strengthen,enhance,promote,foster

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  温馨提示:相信这些动词的用法,大家都非常的了解了。平时在写作中,基本每一篇都少不了用到“改进改善培养发展”这些类似的动词。但是有一个大家要注意的,就是collocation的问题。并不是所有的动词都可以随便乱搭配,一些常用的搭配一定要及时摘录下来,记住一些已经“固定”的搭配用法。

  4.原始中文:不利于, 损害,对…有坏处/有害,对…有负面/不好的影响

  对应英文:do harm to, be harmful to, have negative effect on, pose a threat to, exert adverse influence on

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  温馨提示:这和“有利于”是反意的词组,有一个相似点就是——同一个词,只要变换一下词性,比如动词变名词,名词变形容词,都能够体现出词汇能力和英语语言能力。

  5.原始中文:导致,造成,引发(负面的因果)

  对应英文:Bring about, give rise to, result in, lead to, give birth to, create, cause, be responsible for

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  6.原始中文:没用/没有(存在)必要/价值

  对应英文:Be useless,unimportant,unnecessary, Be of little importance to…, there is no role for, there is no justification for…, make no difference, serve no useful purpose

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  例句解析:没完没了的说教对于防止孩子们早恋毫无用处。Nagging serves no useful purpose for preventing puppy love.

  温馨提示:useless这个词大家都会用,但是有没有想过,可以用be of little importance to, serve no useful purpose这类词组来代替呢?

  7.原始中文:有用/有(存在)价值

  对应英文:Be useful/helpful/important/necessary, make a difference to,play an essential role in…, Be of great importance to…,

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  8.原始中文:(正面或中性的因果关系)决定,取决于,与…息息相关,源于,铸就,成就了

  对应英文:spring/come from, be determined by, depend/rely on, be mainly based on, be closely related to

  用法解释:在一个句子里做谓语用(即动词)

  温馨提示:用 “something is mainly based on”或者 “closely related to” 来表达这一层意思。


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