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雅思环保类范文、亮点词汇

托福口语同近义词词义差别辨析 赞美的 11 种说法列举

在用词方面难免会因为重复而扣分。如何学会合理运用同近义词来替换 ? 下面小编就通过列举赞美的 11 种说法来为大家具体讲解。

  利弊讨论类大作文环保类话题

  The increasing demand for oil and gas has made it necessary to look for these sources of energy in remote and untouched natural places. Do you think the advantages of locating oil and gas in these areas outweigh the disadvantages of damaging these places ? (题目来源:2014年6月28日大作文)

  题目大意

  对石油天然气的不断增加的需求使得在偏远地区开采这些资源变得有必要。你认为在这些地区探索石油天燃气的优点是否大于破坏这些地区的缺点?

  思路

  ·题目从问题来看属于利弊讨论题目,可以采取双边写法,如果主体三段式写法,可以两缺一优也可以两优一缺,提供范文为两缺一优。

  ·从内容角度属于环保类中能源消耗与开发话题,关于该话题我们经常用到这样一些思路点:

  1)能源危机和资源缺乏的原因(人口增长,能源消耗增加;人们追求好的生活,使用各种电器和交通工具,不注意节约资源;企业没有兴趣发展可替代资源等 );

  2)能源危机和资源缺乏的结果(能源价格上涨,增加生活成本;原材料价格上涨,生产成本增加,对经济有影响;开采石油、天然气、采煤等都要破坏自然环境,造成污染,影响生态; 过度开采,导致资源枯竭 )。

  审题,找出关键词

  题目关键词为locating oil and gas in these areas,限制性词汇为影响思考角度的词汇,该题目主要是两处untouched natural places及disadvantages of damaging these places 。Untouched的英文解释为 “remaining in its original, pristine state, undamaged”,换句话说这些地区没有人类开发过,所以如果写到为本地创造就业机会就属于偏题观点;另外缺点限定为破坏这些地区,换言之如果写开发这些地区难度大开发成本高,及引起全球变暖也属于不扣题的观点。

  高分范文

  The rapid consumption of fossil fuels has been an economic and environmental issue around the world, and some people suggest that we exploit natural resources available in some isolated and unspoiled areas. I do not agree with this point of view because it does more harm than good.

  The search for oil and natural gas in remote areas can help meet the global demand for energy. The use of these resources has increased at a fast pace worldwide because of industrialization and our overreliance on private car use, air transport and electrical appliances. If resources can be found in these far-flung areas, we may have sufficient oil and natural gas to satisfy our needs such as the use of natural gas for electricity generation.

  On the other hand, oil extraction in these regions can also pose a threat to local ecosystem. Oil drilling projects normally require people to build facilities such as pipelines, which can cause damage to natural habitats of wild animals. Another problem is that oil extraction can create chemical waste, thereby resulting in water pollution and contaminating soil. These projects, as well as those for natural gas production, can destroy the ecological balance and have a harmful effect on us.

  Because of these projects, we may also fail to search for other ways to fill energy needs and alleviate the environmental impact of our activities. Many people may hold the view that reserves of crude oil and natural gas are infinite and can be found in distant places. They may rely on such resources continuously, instead of developing alternative energy sources, until these resources are depleted. It can be anticipated that facilities can be abandoned and have a lasting impact on local environment .

  In conclusion, the disadvantages of exploring some untouched areas for energy sources far outweigh advantages. It is pointless to maintain oil supplies by damaging those areas, while some other options are available.

  相关词汇

  isolated and unspoiled areas

  do more harm than good

  meet the global demand for energy

  overreliance on…

  oil extraction/drilling

  natural habitats

  destroy the ecological balance

  reserves of crude oil and natural gas

  developing alternative energy sources

  maintain oil supplies


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