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雅思写作常用词汇Keep的用法

近些年雅思考试题型变化及趋势

考试的难度如何?相信各位考生对这个还是有很大兴趣的。接下来,我们就来了解一下近些年雅思考试题型变化及趋势。

  在雅思写作考试中,考生经常会用到一些习惯用词,包括think、keep等等。今天小编为大家带来的是关于雅思写作常用词汇Keep的用法,这个词相信大家都比较熟悉,那么怎么用呢?很多考生也容易出现一些搭配错误,接下来就来看看正确的用法是什么。

  keep

  英 [kiːp] 美 [kiːp]

  v.(使)保持,处于;继续,重复(做某事);使耽搁;使延误

  n.生活必需品;生活费用;城堡主楼

  第三人称单数: keeps 复数: keeps 现在分词: keeping 过去式: kept 过去分词: kept

  1.keep a promise

  遵守诺言

  2.keep a low profile

  保持低调

  3.Keep calm

  保持冷静!

  4.Keep it to yourself

  保密

  5.Keep up the good work!

  继续加油!

  6.Keep your mouth shut!

  闭上你的嘴!

  7.keep one’s balance

  保持平衡

  8.keep body and soul together

  维持生活

  9.keep in mind

  记住,想着

  短语动词

  keep sb after

  (NAmE)

  = keep sb back(1)

  keep at sth

  继续做某事(或坚持干)

  to continue working at sth

  Come on, keep at it, you’ve nearly finished!

  快,要坚持,你马上就要完成了!

  keep sb at sth

  使某人继续做(或坚持干)某事

  to make sb continue working at sth

  He kept us at it all day.

  他让我们不停地干了一天。

  keep away (from sb/sth)

  避免接近;远离;勿靠近

  to avoid going near sb/sth

  Keep away from the edge of the cliff.

  切莫靠近悬崖边。

  keep sb/sth away (from sb/sth)

  不让接近某人(或某事物);使离开

  to prevent sb/sth from going somewhere

  Her illness kept her away from work for several weeks.

  她病得好几周都上不了班。

  keep back (from sb/sth)

  (与…)保持距离

  to stay at a distance from sb/sth

  Keep well back from the road.

  离公路远些。

  keep sb↔back

  1 (BrE)

  NAmE keep sb after

  罚(学生)课后留校

  to make a student stay at school after normal hours as a punishment

  2 (NAmE) 使(学生)留级

  to make a student repeat a year at school ef=”http://www.huishangxue.com/yy-swyy.html” target=”_blank” >because of poor marks/grades

  keep sb↔back (from sb/sth)

  使某人(与…)保持距离

  to make sb stay at a distance from sb/sth

  Barricades were erected to keep back the crowds.

  设置了障碍,使人群无法靠近。

  keep sth↔back

  1 抑制(或阻止)感情等的流露

  to prevent a feeling, etc. from being expressed

  同义词: restrain

  She was unable to keep back her tears.

  她无法忍住泪水。

  2 保留(或扣留)某物的一部分

  to continue to have a part of sth

  He kept back half the money for himself.

  他把那笔钱扣下了一半。

  keep sth↔back (from sb)

  拒绝告知某事;隐瞒

  to refuse to tell sb sth

  I’m sure she’s keeping something back from us.

  我肯定她有什么事瞒着我们。

  keep down

  隐蔽;隐伏;卧倒;蹲下

  to hide yourself by not standing up straight

  Keep down! You mustn’t let anyone see you.

  蹲下!一定不要让人看见你。

  keep sb↔down

  压制(或限制、控制)某人

  to prevent a person, group, etc. from expressing themselves freely

  The people have been kept down for years by a brutal regime.

  多年来人们一直受到残暴统治的压制。

  同义词: oppress

  keep sth↔down

  1 使保持在低水平;抑制某事物的增长

  to make sth stay at a low level; to avoid increasing sth

  to keep down wages/prices/the cost of living

  保持低工资 / 物价 / 生活费用

  Keep your voice down─I don’t want anyone else to hear.

  小声点——别让人听见。

  Keep the noise down (= be quiet) .

  小声点儿。

  2 不使(胃中食物)吐出;不呕吐

  to not bring sth back through the mouth from the stomach; to not vomit

  She’s had some water but she can’t keep any food down.

  她喝了点儿水,但一吃东西就吐。

  keep from sth

  keep yourself from sth

  忍住(或克制自己)不做某事

  to prevent yourself from doing sth

  [+ -ing] She could hardly keep from laughing.

  她差一点儿笑了出来。

  I just managed to keep myself from falling.

  我差一点儿没摔倒。

  keep sb from sth

  阻止(或防止、阻碍)某人做某事

  to prevent sb from doing sth

  I hope I’m not keeping you from your work.

  希望我没有妨碍你工作。

  [+ -ing] The church bells keep me from sleeping.

  教堂的钟声使我不能入睡。

  keep sth from sb

  不将某事告诉某人;瞒着某人

  to avoid telling sb sth

  I think we ought to keep the truth from him until he’s better.

  我想我们应该等他身体好些再告诉他实情。

  keep sth from sth

  使置于某物之外;使与某物分开

  to make sth stay out of sth

  She could not keep the dismay from her voice.

  她无法使自己沉重的心情不流露在话音之中。

  keep in with sb

  (BrE, informal) (为得到好处而)与某人友好相处,不得罪某人

  to make sure that you stay friendly with sb, because you will get an advantage from doing so

  keep sth↔in

  控制(或抑制)感情

  to avoid expressing an emotion

  同义词: restrain

  He could scarcely keep in his indignation.

  他几乎控制不住自己的愤怒。

  keep sb in

  使某人留在室内(或某地);使不外出

  to make sb stay indoors or in a particular place

  keep sb/yourself in sth

  向某人经常供应(或正常提供)某物

  to provide sb/yourself with a regular supply of sth

  keep off

  (雨、雪等)未下

  if rain, snow, etc. keeps off , it does not fall

  keep off sth

  1 避免吃(或喝、吸)某物

  to avoid eating, drinking or smoking sth

  I’m trying to keep off fatty foods.

  我尽量不吃高脂肪食物。

  2 回避某话题

  to avoid mentioning a particular subject

  It’s best to keep off politics when my father’s around.

  我父亲在场时最好不要谈论政治。

  keep sb/sth↔off

  keep sb/sth off sb/sth

  使…不接近(或不接触、远离)某人 / 事物

  to prevent sb/sth from coming near, touching, etc. sb/sth

  They lit a fire to keep off wild animals.

  他们点燃篝火防止野兽靠近。

  Keep your hands off (= do not touch) me!

  别碰我!

  keep on

  继续

  to continue

  Keep on until you get to the church.

  一直往前走到教堂。

  keep sb↔on

  继续雇用某人

  to continue to employ sb

  keep sth on

  继续租用房子(或套房等)

  to continue to rent a house, flat/apartment, etc.

  keep on (at sb) (about sb/sth)

  (especially BrE) (对…)纠缠不休;老是困扰;老是唠叨

  to speak to sb often and in an annoying way about sb/sth

  同义词: go on, nag

  He does keep on so!

  他就是这样纠缠不休!

  I’ll do it─just don’t keep on at me about it!

  我会做的——可别再对我唠叨了!

  keep out (of sth)

  不进入;留在外面

  to not enter a place; to stay outside

  The sign said ‘Private Property─Keep Out!’

  告示牌上写着“私人产业——不得入内!”

  keep sb/sth↔out (of sth)

  使不进入;防止进入;把…关在外面

  to prevent sb/sth from entering a place

  Keep that dog out of my study!

  别让那狗进我的书房!

  keep out of sth

  keep sb out of sth

  避免某事;使不卷入某事;使置身于…之外;使不受…的影响

  to avoid sth; to prevent sb from being involved in sth or affected by sth

  That child can’t keep out of mischief.

  那孩子非捣蛋不可。

  Keep the baby out of the sun.

  别让孩子晒着。

  keep to sth

  1 不偏离(或不离开)道路等

  to avoid leaving a path, road, etc.

  同义词: stick to sth

  Keep to the track─the land is very boggy around here.

  顺着道儿走——这一带到处是沼泽地。

  2 不偏离主题;不跑题

  to talk or write only about the subject that you are supposed to talk or write about

  Nothing is more irritating than people who do not keep to the point .

  最烦人的就是那些谈话不着边际的人。

  3 遵守(或信守、履行)诺言

  to do what you have promised or agreed to do

  to keep to an agreement/an undertaking/a plan

  遵守协议;信守承诺;执行计划

  4 坚守,不离开(某地或某个位置)

  to stay in and not leave a particular place or position

  She’s nearly 90 and mostly keeps to her room.

  她快90岁了,大部分时间都待在房间里。

  keep (yourself) to yourself

  离群索居;不与人往来;不管别人的事

  to avoid meeting people socially or becoming involved in their affairs

  Nobody knows much about him; he keeps himself very much to himself.

  谁对他都不太了解,因为他很少和人交往。

  keep sth to yourself

  对…秘而不宣(或保守秘密);不将…说出去

  to not tell other people about sth

  I’d be grateful if you kept this information to yourself.

  你要是不把这消息传出去,我会不胜感激的。

  keep sb under

  控制,压制(人)

  to control or oppress sb

  The local people are kept under by the army.

  当地居民受军队管制。

  keep up

  (天气)持续不变

  if particular weather keeps up , it continues without stopping

  The rain kept up all afternoon.

  雨下了整整一个下午。

  keep up (with sb/sth)

  (与…)齐步前进,并驾齐驱;跟上

  to move, make progress or increase at the same rate as sb/sth

  Slow down─I can’t keep up!

  慢点——我跟不上了!

  I can’t keep up with all the changes.

  我并非所有的变化都能跟得上。

  Wages are not keeping up with inflation.

  工资赶不上通货膨胀。

  keep up with sb

  与(某人)保持联系

  to continue to be in contact with sb

  How many of your old school friends do you keep up with?

  你与多少老同学保持着联系?

  keep up with sth

  1 熟悉,了解(消息、形势等)

  to learn about or be aware of the news, current events, etc.

  She likes to keep up with the latest fashions.

  她喜欢赶时髦。

  2 继续支付;继续做

  to continue to pay or do sth regularly

  If you do not keep up with the payments you could lose your home.

  如果你不继续付款,你的住房就可能保不住了。

  keep sb up

  使某人熬夜(或开夜车、不睡觉)

  to prevent sb from going to bed

  I hope we’re not keeping you up.

  希望我们没有耽误你睡觉。

  keep sth↔up

  1 使某事物保持在高水平

  to make sth stay at a high level

  The high cost of raw materials is keeping prices up.

  昂贵的原料费用使价格居高不下。

  2 使某事物保持(在同一水平,通常指高水平)

  to continue sth at the same, usually high, level

  The enemy kept up the bombardment day and night.

  敌人昼夜不停地狂轰滥炸。

  We’re having difficulty keeping up our mortgage payments.

  我们难以继续偿还按揭贷款。

  Well done! Keep up the good work/Keep it up !

  干得好!继续好好干吧!

  3 使处于高水平;使不低落

  to make sth remain at a high level

  They sang songs to keep their spirits up.

  他们唱歌以保持高昂的情绪。

  4 沿用(或沿袭、保持)某事物

  to continue to use or practise sth

  to keep up old traditions

  保持老传统

  Do you still keep up your Spanish?

  你还坚持说西班牙语吗?

  5 保养,维护(房屋、花园等)

  to take care of a house, garden/yard, etc. so that it stays in good condition

  同义词: maintain

  related noun upkeep

  以上是小编为大家准备的“雅思写作常用词汇Keep的用法”的相关内容 ,希望对大家备考写作有帮助,在这里小编预祝各位考生在雅思考试中收获一个高分。

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