英 [kiːp] 美 [kiːp]
第三人称单数： keeps 复数： keeps 现在分词： keeping 过去式： kept 过去分词： kept
1.keep a promise
2.keep a low profile
4.Keep it to yourself
5.Keep up the good work!
6.Keep your mouth shut!
7.keep one’s balance
8.keep body and soul together
9.keep in mind
keep sb after
= keep sb back(1)
keep at sth
to continue working at sth
Come on, keep at it, you’ve nearly finished!
keep sb at sth
to make sb continue working at sth
He kept us at it all day.
keep away (from sb/sth)
to avoid going near sb/sth
Keep away from the edge of the cliff.
keep sb/sth away (from sb/sth)
to prevent sb/sth from going somewhere
Her illness kept her away from work for several weeks.
keep back (from sb/sth)
to stay at a distance from sb/sth
Keep well back from the road.
NAmE keep sb after
to make a student stay at school after normal hours as a punishment
2 (NAmE) 使(学生)留级
to make a student repeat a year at school ef=”http://www.huishangxue.com/yy-swyy.html” target=”_blank” >because of poor marks/grades
keep sb↔back (from sb/sth)
to make sb stay at a distance from sb/sth
Barricades were erected to keep back the crowds.
to prevent a feeling, etc. from being expressed
She was unable to keep back her tears.
to continue to have a part of sth
He kept back half the money for himself.
keep sth↔back (from sb)
to refuse to tell sb sth
I’m sure she’s keeping something back from us.
to hide yourself by not standing up straight
Keep down! You mustn’t let anyone see you.
to prevent a person, group, etc. from expressing themselves freely
The people have been kept down for years by a brutal regime.
to make sth stay at a low level; to avoid increasing sth
to keep down wages/prices/the cost of living
保持低工资 / 物价 / 生活费用
Keep your voice down─I don’t want anyone else to hear.
Keep the noise down (= be quiet) .
to not bring sth back through the mouth from the stomach; to not vomit
She’s had some water but she can’t keep any food down.
keep from sth
keep yourself from sth
to prevent yourself from doing sth
[+ -ing] She could hardly keep from laughing.
I just managed to keep myself from falling.
keep sb from sth
to prevent sb from doing sth
I hope I’m not keeping you from your work.
[+ -ing] The church bells keep me from sleeping.
keep sth from sb
to avoid telling sb sth
I think we ought to keep the truth from him until he’s better.
keep sth from sth
to make sth stay out of sth
She could not keep the dismay from her voice.
keep in with sb
(BrE, informal) (为得到好处而)与某人友好相处，不得罪某人
to make sure that you stay friendly with sb, because you will get an advantage from doing so
to avoid expressing an emotion
He could scarcely keep in his indignation.
keep sb in
to make sb stay indoors or in a particular place
keep sb/yourself in sth
to provide sb/yourself with a regular supply of sth
if rain, snow, etc. keeps off , it does not fall
keep off sth
to avoid eating, drinking or smoking sth
I’m trying to keep off fatty foods.
to avoid mentioning a particular subject
It’s best to keep off politics when my father’s around.
keep sb/sth off sb/sth
使…不接近(或不接触、远离)某人 / 事物
to prevent sb/sth from coming near, touching, etc. sb/sth
They lit a fire to keep off wild animals.
Keep your hands off (= do not touch) me!
Keep on until you get to the church.
to continue to employ sb
keep sth on
to continue to rent a house, flat/apartment, etc.
keep on (at sb) (about sb/sth)
(especially BrE) (对…)纠缠不休;老是困扰;老是唠叨
to speak to sb often and in an annoying way about sb/sth
同义词： go on, nag
He does keep on so!
I’ll do it─just don’t keep on at me about it!
keep out (of sth)
to not enter a place; to stay outside
The sign said ‘Private Property─Keep Out!’
keep sb/sth↔out (of sth)
to prevent sb/sth from entering a place
Keep that dog out of my study!
keep out of sth
keep sb out of sth
to avoid sth; to prevent sb from being involved in sth or affected by sth
That child can’t keep out of mischief.
Keep the baby out of the sun.
keep to sth
to avoid leaving a path, road, etc.
同义词： stick to sth
Keep to the track─the land is very boggy around here.
to talk or write only about the subject that you are supposed to talk or write about
Nothing is more irritating than people who do not keep to the point .
to do what you have promised or agreed to do
to keep to an agreement/an undertaking/a plan
to stay in and not leave a particular place or position
She’s nearly 90 and mostly keeps to her room.
keep (yourself) to yourself
to avoid meeting people socially or becoming involved in their affairs
Nobody knows much about him; he keeps himself very much to himself.
keep sth to yourself
to not tell other people about sth
I’d be grateful if you kept this information to yourself.
keep sb under
to control or oppress sb
The local people are kept under by the army.
if particular weather keeps up , it continues without stopping
The rain kept up all afternoon.
keep up (with sb/sth)
to move, make progress or increase at the same rate as sb/sth
Slow down─I can’t keep up!
I can’t keep up with all the changes.
Wages are not keeping up with inflation.
keep up with sb
to continue to be in contact with sb
How many of your old school friends do you keep up with?
keep up with sth
to learn about or be aware of the news, current events, etc.
She likes to keep up with the latest fashions.
to continue to pay or do sth regularly
If you do not keep up with the payments you could lose your home.
keep sb up
to prevent sb from going to bed
I hope we’re not keeping you up.
to make sth stay at a high level
The high cost of raw materials is keeping prices up.
to continue sth at the same, usually high, level
The enemy kept up the bombardment day and night.
We’re having difficulty keeping up our mortgage payments.
Well done! Keep up the good work/Keep it up !
to make sth remain at a high level
They sang songs to keep their spirits up.
to continue to use or practise sth
to keep up old traditions
Do you still keep up your Spanish?
to take care of a house, garden/yard, etc. so that it stays in good condition
related noun upkeep