11. C looking for younger players
12. D rehearsal twice a week
13. C one performance will be recorded for TV
14. D perform on a tour around local area
15. Sky theatre B
16. Orange theater F
17. Coco theare D
18. City players A
19. Roman theatre G
20. Green art theatre E
flexibility of study time
make the arrangements for entry = manage entry
in advance = before
need to know = will be informed
harm = frighten or injury
not touch tools= stay at a safe distance from tools
investigate = find out
important = significant
reduce stress = relax
talk to a professor = make an appointment to see one of the science professor
important = significant
target = locate
identified = located
higher = relatively high
sufficient = enough
under = below
establish = create
reduce = lower
可参考真题：剑桥14——TEST2 Passage3 Why companies should welcome disorder
可参考真题：剑桥13——TEST4 Passage2 Saving the soil
可参考真题：剑桥11——TEST2 Passage1 Raising the Mary Rose
1. prevent/preclude/stop/halt 阻止
2. abundance/sufficient/adequate/considerable/a great deal 大量的
3. influence/impact/effect 影响
5. initiate/start/launch/open/set in motion开始，发起
6. refer to/mention/allude to/touch on提到
7. be divided into/separate/split/break up/break down分开
8. recognize/know/identify/pick out 认出
9. conclude/summarize/come to/reach the conclusion得出结论
10. die out/extinct/disappear/no longer exist 灭绝
These pie charts illustrate coffee production, consumption and profit distributed on a world basis.
As regards where coffee is produced, it is clear from the chart that South Africa contributes to the major coffee, generating over 40% of the world total production. This is followed by Europe, South East Asia and Oceania, with less than a half amount of coffee yielded compared to that in South Africa.
When it comes to the sales, that in Europe doubles more than USA (80% together). However, this is not the same case in Japan, who imports only 7% of the coffee produced.
Moving on to the profit of industrial chain, delivery accounts for the largest revenue, with approximately a half of the whole income, in comparison to a quarter of retailers. About 10% of profits flow to exporters, while a similar amount of money is earned by producers as well as exporters.
Overall, even though South Africa manufactures the largest amount of coffee, most of them is transported to Europe, and thus the profits of shippers and roasters are the highest.
Some people think young people should be required to have full time education until they are at least 18 years old. To what extent do you agree or disagree?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
同意：1. 更好找工作；2. 减少犯罪；
反对：1. 不适合所有人；2. 实施有难度；+反驳：提出解决办法
In my country, China, children are allowed to leave school by the age of 15. But in some countries the compulsory school year is increased by 3. I personally think such policy is sensible in the modern society.
The major reason for my approval is that in today’s world, non-skilled young labor are finding it increasingly difficult to be employed due to the advancement of modern technology, like artificial intelligence and automation which have made countless occupations obsolete. On the other hand, well-educated skilled workers are in higher demand. This social change makes it necessary to adjust the education system and equip the young generation with sufficient knowledge and skills. In addition, prolonging education is also an effective measure to lower the rate of juvenile delinquency because the idle adolescents out of school are prone to be involved in illegal activities.
However, there are some opposite voices against the policy of mandatory secondary education. The arguments include that not all young adults are academically capable or interested and coercing them to attend full time school can cause problems like classroom disruption and absenteeism. Then how to manage such mess becomes another obstacle to implementing such a policy. Fining or punishing does not make sense as it does not solve the problem of ignorance or disability to academic studies from the root. While these concerns sound reasonable, they cannot be the obstacles to change. Some measures can be taken to deal with the challenges, for instance, diverse forms of education, including apprenticeship or work-based training to supplement formal coursework.
To sum up my opinion, longer period of mandatory education is an active approach to social change in employment as it can generate more skilled workers and lower youth crime as well. Given diverse options in education forms, even students with poor academic performances can be able to stay in education before reaching full maturity.