明明该写的方位、变化，都写到了，最多可能是 there be 句式有点多，内容有点流水账，怎么分数却这么“低调”呢？
be located, be situated, lie in
locate、situate 主动的时候，表达去定位某个东西，主语一般是人，或者一些团体机构等。地图题，应该是被动 be located/ situated 才对。
The school is situated near the park.
The restaurant is located near the cathedral.
The town lies in a small wooded valley.
The river lies 30 km to the south.
change vs be changed
在地图题的 overview 或者主体段段首总起的时候，常常会说 xx 有很大的变化，然后再细致去描述。那么，下面哪个句子是对的？
The museum has changed a lot.
The museum has been changed a lot.
… has undergone dramatic changes …
… obvious changes have been recorded/ can be seen in …
near/ near to/ close to/ in close proximity/ next to/ beside
上面几个词语都是表达附近的意思。从小作文地图题的角度，我们表达 A 在 B 附近，我们应该说：
Both supermarket sites are close to the railway.
Both supermarket sites are near to the railway.
Both supermarket sites are near the railway.
Both supermarket sites are next to the railway.
Both supermarket sites are in close proximity to the railway.
如果表达一个地点的补充“在 A 的附近”，前或后还有完整的主句，我们正确的使用方法是：
The moshav is also located near to Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
The moshav is also located near Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
The moshav is also located beside Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
The moshav is also located next to Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
The moshav is also located close to Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
The moshav is also located in close proximity to Hamasrek Nature Reserve.
in front of vs at the front of
in front of 是表达在某物的外面，而 at the front of 的时候，则是在建筑内部的。比如下面的句子，是错误的：
The reception is in front of the main building.
around vs surround vs surrounding
三个词最本质的区别是，around 是介词、副词surround 是动词，而 surrounding 是形容词。所以，根据你要去描述的场景，去选择合适的词汇吧：
The Romans built a defensive wall around the city.
a prosperous suburb built around a new mosque.
A county usually consists of several towns and the rural areas which surround them.
The house is surrounded by trees, so it’s not overlooked at all .
形容词，表达“周边的”去修饰别的词：Parents in the surrounding towns have been targeted.
the area around it has been designated as a swimming area.
the area which surrounded it has been designated as a swimming area.
the area surrounding it has been designated as a swimming area.
connect/ link/ lead to/ join
在地图的场景中，connect、link 一般作及物动词去使用。前者搭配 with，后者搭配 to。如果用路、桥等作主语，则可直接主动去使用。
The railway link connects Felixstowe with Fishguard.
The two lakes are connected by a narrow canal.
A long bridge links Venice and the mainland.
The pipe must be linked to the cold water supply.
lead to 表示通向，在地图中一般和路搭配，主动去使用
The new road leading to the terminal will also be specially designed.
The island is joined to the mainland by a causeway.
Two islands were joined by the new bridge.
combine vs merge
combine/ merge 都是合并到了一起，成为整体了。虽然都可以及物也可以不及物，相对而言，combine 被动更多，merge 主动更多。
Two heritage buildings are combined and repurposed as a luxury apartment complex.
The villages have grown and merged together over the years.
After a while the narrow trail merges with a wider path.
to the east of vs in the east
The dance studios are located to the east of the sports hall.
The dance studios are located in the east of the sports hall.
当然，这要看具体情况。to 强调两者是分开的。in 当然就是在后面这个区域的里面了。方位的常见介词 at/ in/ on 的场景示范：
at the two sides of vs on either side of
In 2007, there were outdoor courts at the two sides of the main building.
一方面，任何建筑，不止两个面，另一方面，at 也是错误的介词。应该用：In 2007, there were outdoor courts on either side of the main building.
in the middle of vs in the center of
都表示在中间、中心的意思。可以互相替换。如果是两者之间，记得用 between and。
The hotel is right in the centre of the village.
A low table with cushions on either side occupied the middle of the room.
The bookshop is between the post office and the supermarket .
divide vs separate
介词搭配上，divide 主要是 into；而 separate 既可以是 into 也可以是 from。
以小作文地图题来讲，大概率都是用他们的被动形式，某个东西 be separated/ divided into … parts 被分为几个部分了。
最后说一个比较“常规”的错误。因为 there be 句式自带 be 动词，所以后面如果再出现任何动词，都需要“特殊处理”一下，比如：
（错误）There are roads and footpaths connect the various parts of the islands.
（正确）There are roads and footpaths which connect the various parts of the islands.
（正确）There are roads and footpaths connecting the various parts of the islands.
带有介词的定语从句（如 by which/ after which）
时间作主语的句子（如 the recent years witness）
分词（-ing 和 -ed）的区别
到底是 compared with，还是 comparing with
three times more than 到底是三倍还是四倍
as opposed to 句式示范